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06/Apr/2020

Oral cancer occurs due to multistep process of accumulated genetic mutations caused by many factors which includes tobacco and alcohol use, viruses and also diet.

Using tobacco — including cigarettes, pipes, cigars, and spit tobacco-is a well-established risk factor for oral cancer. Tobacco in any form contains carcinogens and nicotine, an addictive chemical that can give you a check.

A popular betel quid-spit tobacco mixture, used throughout India, has been implicated in the high rate of oral cancer in south part of the India. Alcohol  consumption can also increase a person’s chance of developing oral cancer.

One theory suggests that alcohol generates metabolites, or byproducts of metabolism, that are carcinogenic to humans; the major metabolite of ethanol is acetaldehyde, a recognized animal carcinogen. Alcohol also might “grease the wheels” for tobacco by acting as a solvent and making it easier for carcinogenic agents to penetrate the oral tissues.

Using both tobacco and alcohol produces a much greater risk for oral cancer than using either substance alone. It is estimated that approximately 75 percent of all oral and pharyngeal cancers in the India are caused by smoking and drinking, with most of these cases caused by tobacco and alcohol working synergistically.

Viruses, too, are thought to be involved in the development of these cancers. The human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly the HPV-16 and HPV-18 strains, and the herpes viruses are now considered possible contributors to some cases of oral cancer. DNA from HPV and certain herpes viruses, including Epstein-Barr, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex, has been detected in oral cancer biopsies.

Genes encoded within these viruses are implicated in the initiation of the multiple steps required for a normal cell to become malignant. Interestingly, scientists have recently linked a new virus with AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), a cancer that has a preference for the head and neck.

The newly identified virus, called human herpesvirus 8, has been found in all forms of Kaposi sarcoma, suggesting it might be involved in the sarcoma’s development. A direct causal role, however, has not yet been established.

Prevention is better than cure. Tobacco in any form, alcohol in any occasion is going to affect our health and happiness terribly. So as a responsible citizen we have to hold our hands together to fight against the devil who spoil our children’s future.

Jaihind

Published on public interest

Occasion: Oral Cancer Awareness Month (APRIL 2019)


06/Apr/2020

Good Oral Hygiene means …

  • Good teeth
  • Good gums
  • Fresh breath
  • Confident smile
  • Successful life
  • Poor Oral health can lead to systemic problems like heart disease, diabetes, preterm labor, etc
  • Good chewing makes our body healthy, mind fresh and energetic

When you take care of your teeth it will take care of your health.

Good oral health gives following benefits

  1. Prevent bad breath
  2. Prevent tooth decay
  3. Prevent gum diseases
  4. Helps in digestion
  5. General well being with perfect health

How oral health related to overall health?

  • Saliva – is God’s gift to our health
  • Saliva plays a dominant role in lot of investigations
  • Oral health gives a good picture about your systemic diseases like diabetes,HIV,etc

KNOW THE IMPORTANCE ABOUT SALIVA

Saliva contains 98% water

It contains

  • Electrolytes
  • Mucus
  • Antibacterial compounds
  • enzymes

Saliva helps in digestion by moistening the food and creating a bolus so swallowing is made easy. Amylase is an enzyme that breaks starches down into maltose and dextrin. So, digestion starts in mouth even before the food reaches the stomach. So respect saliva and live healthy.


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